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VERY detailed amdgpu guide

amdgpu driver is bake in to the linux kernel but for newer card you will need to install a new driver or opencl or vulkan

amdgpu when downloaded from amd website have 2 driver version

pro driver (non open-source driver) is the one that you should avoid unless you want more performance gain (may gain more performance than the opensource driver)

amdgpu (open-source driver)is the one you need to use if you are using software in this list

  • davinci resolve
  • obs x window capture
  • wine dxvk
  • blender

AND PLEASE FOR THE LOVE OF GOD NEVER MISMATCH AMDGPU-PRO DRIVER WITH MESA PLEASE

if you need to install this manually this will conflict with amdgpu or amdgpu pro driver

and for what ever reason you need the pro driver you can’t really swap between 2 of them on the fly since they all implement the same api (opencl /rocm and vulkan)

*Note pro driver may give performance in some workload (i haven’t tested this yet)

anyway to install amdgpu on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS or any derivative distro

*Note if you are having a problem with installing rocm it may help if you did a graphic purge

first download the deb file from amd website

install the deb file with dpkg

then do

amdgpu-install --usecase=graphics -y --vulkan=amdvlk --opencl=rocr --no-dkms

*Note –no-dkms flag is required for anyone running a cutting edge kernel ie 5.4 and higher

reboot

do

sudo apt update

sudo apt install rocm-opencl-dev ocl-icd-libopencl1 opencl-headers clinfo mesa-opencl-icd #for opencl

*Note Do not install any dkms related package

if you require something else using amdgpu install that package with rocm-<packagename> and press tab

ie clang will be rocm-clang-ocl or pytorch ml do rocm-ml-sdk

reboot and enjoy

if you dose the step correctly

when type clinfo there should be 3 device

1 combine cpu gpu

2 gpu

3 cpu

Number of platforms                               3
  Platform Name                                   AMD Accelerated Parallel Processing
  Platform Vendor                                 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
  Platform Version                                OpenCL 2.2 AMD-APP (3406.0)
  Platform Profile                                FULL_PROFILE
  Platform Extensions                             cl_khr_icd cl_amd_event_callback 
  Platform Host timer resolution                  1ns
  Platform Extensions function suffix             AMD

  Platform Name                                   Clover
  Platform Vendor                                 Mesa
  Platform Version                                OpenCL 1.1 Mesa 22.0.0
  Platform Profile                                FULL_PROFILE
  Platform Extensions                             cl_khr_icd
  Platform Extensions function suffix             MESA

  Platform Name                                   Portable Computing Language
  Platform Vendor                                 The pocl project
  Platform Version                                OpenCL 1.2 pocl 1.4, None+Asserts, LLVM 9.0.1, RELOC, SLEEF, DISTRO, POCL_DEBUG
  Platform Profile                                FULL_PROFILE
  Platform Extensions                             cl_khr_icd
  Platform Extensions function suffix             POCL

  Platform Name                                   AMD Accelerated Parallel Processing
Number of devices                                 1
  Device Name                                     gfx1012:xnack-
  Device Vendor                                   Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
  Device Vendor ID                                0x1002
  Device Version                                  OpenCL 2.0 
  Driver Version                                  3406.0 (HSA1.1,LC)
  Device OpenCL C Version                         OpenCL C 2.0 
  Device Type                                     GPU
  Device Board Name (AMD)                         Radeon RX 5500 XT
  Device Topology (AMD)                           PCI-E, 0a:00.0
  Device Profile                                  FULL_PROFILE
  Device Available                                Yes
  Compiler Available                              Yes
  Linker Available                                Yes
  Max compute units                               11
  SIMD per compute unit (AMD)                     4
  SIMD width (AMD)                                32
  SIMD instruction width (AMD)                    1
  Max clock frequency                             1900MHz
  Graphics IP (AMD)                               10.1
  Device Partition                                (core)
    Max number of sub-devices                     11
    Supported partition types                     None
    Supported affinity domains                    (n/a)
  Max work item dimensions                        3
  Max work item sizes                             1024x1024x1024
  Max work group size                             256
  Preferred work group size (AMD)                 256
  Max work group size (AMD)                       1024
  Preferred work group size multiple              32
  Wavefront width (AMD)                           32
  Preferred / native vector sizes                 
    char                                                 4 / 4       
    short                                                2 / 2       
    int                                                  1 / 1       
    long                                                 1 / 1       
    half                                                 1 / 1        (cl_khr_fp16)
    float                                                1 / 1       
    double                                               1 / 1        (cl_khr_fp64)
  Half-precision Floating-point support           (cl_khr_fp16)
    Denormals                                     No
    Infinity and NANs                             No
    Round to nearest                              No
    Round to zero                                 No
    Round to infinity                             No
    IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add               No
    Support is emulated in software               No
  Single-precision Floating-point support         (core)
    Denormals                                     Yes
    Infinity and NANs                             Yes
    Round to nearest                              Yes
    Round to zero                                 Yes
    Round to infinity                             Yes
    IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add               Yes
    Support is emulated in software               No
    Correctly-rounded divide and sqrt operations  Yes
  Double-precision Floating-point support         (cl_khr_fp64)
    Denormals                                     Yes
    Infinity and NANs                             Yes
    Round to nearest                              Yes
    Round to zero                                 Yes
    Round to infinity                             Yes
    IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add               Yes
    Support is emulated in software               No
  Address bits                                    64, Little-Endian
  Global memory size                              8573157376 (7.984GiB)
  Global free memory (AMD)                        8372224 (7.984GiB)
  Global memory channels (AMD)                    4
  Global memory banks per channel (AMD)           4
  Global memory bank width (AMD)                  256 bytes
  Error Correction support                        No
  Max memory allocation                           7287183768 (6.787GiB)
  Unified memory for Host and Device              No
  Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) capabilities        (core)
    Coarse-grained buffer sharing                 Yes
    Fine-grained buffer sharing                   Yes
    Fine-grained system sharing                   No
    Atomics                                       No
  Minimum alignment for any data type             128 bytes
  Alignment of base address                       1024 bits (128 bytes)
  Preferred alignment for atomics                 
    SVM                                           0 bytes
    Global                                        0 bytes
    Local                                         0 bytes
  Max size for global variable                    7287183768 (6.787GiB)
  Preferred total size of global vars             8573157376 (7.984GiB)
  Global Memory cache type                        Read/Write
  Global Memory cache size                        16384 (16KiB)
  Global Memory cache line size                   64 bytes
  Image support                                   Yes
    Max number of samplers per kernel             29504
    Max size for 1D images from buffer            134217728 pixels
    Max 1D or 2D image array size                 8192 images
    Base address alignment for 2D image buffers   256 bytes
    Pitch alignment for 2D image buffers          256 pixels
    Max 2D image size                             16384x16384 pixels
    Max 3D image size                             16384x16384x8192 pixels
    Max number of read image args                 128
    Max number of write image args                8
    Max number of read/write image args           64
  Max number of pipe args                         16
  Max active pipe reservations                    16
  Max pipe packet size                            2992216472 (2.787GiB)
  Local memory type                               Local
  Local memory size                               65536 (64KiB)
  Local memory syze per CU (AMD)                  65536 (64KiB)
  Local memory banks (AMD)                        32
  Max number of constant args                     8
  Max constant buffer size                        7287183768 (6.787GiB)
  Preferred constant buffer size (AMD)            16384 (16KiB)
  Max size of kernel argument                     1024
  Queue properties (on host)                      
    Out-of-order execution                        No
    Profiling                                     Yes
  Queue properties (on device)                    
    Out-of-order execution                        Yes
    Profiling                                     Yes
    Preferred size                                262144 (256KiB)
    Max size                                      8388608 (8MiB)
  Max queues on device                            1
  Max events on device                            1024
  Prefer user sync for interop                    Yes
  Number of P2P devices (AMD)                     0
  P2P devices (AMD)                               <printDeviceInfo:147: get number of CL_DEVICE_P2P_DEVICES_AMD : error -30>
  Profiling timer resolution                      1ns
  Profiling timer offset since Epoch (AMD)        0ns (Thu Jan  1 07:00:00 1970)
  Execution capabilities                          
    Run OpenCL kernels                            Yes
    Run native kernels                            No
    Thread trace supported (AMD)                  No
    Number of async queues (AMD)                  8
    Max real-time compute queues (AMD)            8
    Max real-time compute units (AMD)             11
  printf() buffer size                            4194304 (4MiB)
  Built-in kernels                                (n/a)
  Device Extensions                               cl_khr_fp64 cl_khr_global_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_global_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_int64_base_atomics cl_khr_int64_extended_atomics cl_khr_3d_image_writes cl_khr_byte_addressable_store cl_khr_fp16 cl_khr_gl_sharing cl_amd_device_attribute_query cl_amd_media_ops cl_amd_media_ops2 cl_khr_image2d_from_buffer cl_khr_subgroups cl_khr_depth_images cl_amd_copy_buffer_p2p cl_amd_assembly_program 

  Platform Name                                   Clover
Number of devices                                 1
  Device Name                                     Radeon RX 5500 XT (navi14, LLVM 12.0.0, DRM 3.40, 5.10.106-0510106-generic)
  Device Vendor                                   AMD
  Device Vendor ID                                0x1002
  Device Version                                  OpenCL 1.1 Mesa 22.0.0
  Driver Version                                  22.0.0
  Device OpenCL C Version                         OpenCL C 1.1 
  Device Type                                     GPU
  Device Profile                                  FULL_PROFILE
  Device Available                                Yes
  Compiler Available                              Yes
  Max compute units                               22
  Max clock frequency                             1900MHz
  Max work item dimensions                        3
  Max work item sizes                             256x256x256
  Max work group size                             256
=== CL_PROGRAM_BUILD_LOG ===
fatal error: cannot open file '/usr/lib/clc/gfx1012-amdgcn-mesa-mesa3d.bc': No such file or directory
  Preferred work group size multiple              <getWGsizes:1200: create kernel : error -46>
  Preferred / native vector sizes                 
    char                                                16 / 16      
    short                                                8 / 8       
    int                                                  4 / 4       
    long                                                 2 / 2       
    half                                                 0 / 0        (n/a)
    float                                                4 / 4       
    double                                               2 / 2        (cl_khr_fp64)
  Half-precision Floating-point support           (n/a)
  Single-precision Floating-point support         (core)
    Denormals                                     No
    Infinity and NANs                             Yes
    Round to nearest                              Yes
    Round to zero                                 No
    Round to infinity                             No
    IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add               No
    Support is emulated in software               No
    Correctly-rounded divide and sqrt operations  No
  Double-precision Floating-point support         (cl_khr_fp64)
    Denormals                                     Yes
    Infinity and NANs                             Yes
    Round to nearest                              Yes
    Round to zero                                 Yes
    Round to infinity                             Yes
    IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add               Yes
    Support is emulated in software               No
  Address bits                                    64, Little-Endian
  Global memory size                              8589934592 (8GiB)
  Error Correction support                        No
  Max memory allocation                           6871947673 (6.4GiB)
  Unified memory for Host and Device              No
  Minimum alignment for any data type             128 bytes
  Alignment of base address                       32768 bits (4096 bytes)
  Global Memory cache type                        None
  Image support                                   No
  Local memory type                               Local
  Local memory size                               32768 (32KiB)
  Max number of constant args                     16
  Max constant buffer size                        67108864 (64MiB)
  Max size of kernel argument                     1024
  Queue properties                                
    Out-of-order execution                        No
    Profiling                                     Yes
  Profiling timer resolution                      0ns
  Execution capabilities                          
    Run OpenCL kernels                            Yes
    Run native kernels                            No
  Device Extensions                               cl_khr_byte_addressable_store cl_khr_global_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_global_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_int64_base_atomics cl_khr_int64_extended_atomics cl_khr_fp64 cl_khr_extended_versioning

  Platform Name                                   Portable Computing Language
Number of devices                                 1
  Device Name                                     pthread-AMD Ryzen 5 3600 6-Core Processor
  Device Vendor                                   AuthenticAMD
  Device Vendor ID                                0x6c636f70
  Device Version                                  OpenCL 1.2 pocl HSTR: pthread-x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-znver1
  Driver Version                                  1.4
  Device OpenCL C Version                         OpenCL C 1.2 pocl
  Device Type                                     CPU
  Device Profile                                  FULL_PROFILE
  Device Available                                Yes
  Compiler Available                              Yes
  Linker Available                                Yes
  Max compute units                               12
  Max clock frequency                             4068MHz
  Device Partition                                (core)
    Max number of sub-devices                     12
    Supported partition types                     equally, by counts
    Supported affinity domains                    (n/a)
  Max work item dimensions                        3
  Max work item sizes                             4096x4096x4096
  Max work group size                             4096
  Preferred work group size multiple              8
  Preferred / native vector sizes                 
    char                                                16 / 16      
    short                                               16 / 16      
    int                                                  8 / 8       
    long                                                 4 / 4       
    half                                                 0 / 0        (n/a)
    float                                                8 / 8       
    double                                               4 / 4        (cl_khr_fp64)
  Half-precision Floating-point support           (n/a)
  Single-precision Floating-point support         (core)
    Denormals                                     Yes
    Infinity and NANs                             Yes
    Round to nearest                              Yes
    Round to zero                                 Yes
    Round to infinity                             Yes
    IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add               Yes
    Support is emulated in software               No
    Correctly-rounded divide and sqrt operations  Yes
  Double-precision Floating-point support         (cl_khr_fp64)
    Denormals                                     Yes
    Infinity and NANs                             Yes
    Round to nearest                              Yes
    Round to zero                                 Yes
    Round to infinity                             Yes
    IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add               Yes
    Support is emulated in software               No
  Address bits                                    64, Little-Endian
  Global memory size                              65294954496 (60.81GiB)
  Error Correction support                        No
  Max memory allocation                           17179869184 (16GiB)
  Unified memory for Host and Device              Yes
  Minimum alignment for any data type             128 bytes
  Alignment of base address                       1024 bits (128 bytes)
  Global Memory cache type                        Read/Write
  Global Memory cache size                        16777216 (16MiB)
  Global Memory cache line size                   64 bytes
  Image support                                   Yes
    Max number of samplers per kernel             16
    Max size for 1D images from buffer            1073741824 pixels
    Max 1D or 2D image array size                 2048 images
    Max 2D image size                             32768x32768 pixels
    Max 3D image size                             2048x2048x2048 pixels
    Max number of read image args                 128
    Max number of write image args                128
  Local memory type                               Global
  Local memory size                               8388608 (8MiB)
  Max number of constant args                     8
  Max constant buffer size                        8388608 (8MiB)
  Max size of kernel argument                     1024
  Queue properties                                
    Out-of-order execution                        Yes
    Profiling                                     Yes
  Prefer user sync for interop                    Yes
  Profiling timer resolution                      1ns
  Execution capabilities                          
    Run OpenCL kernels                            Yes
    Run native kernels                            Yes
  printf() buffer size                            16777216 (16MiB)
  Built-in kernels                                (n/a)
  Device Extensions                               cl_khr_byte_addressable_store cl_khr_global_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_global_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_3d_image_writes cl_khr_fp64 cl_khr_int64_base_atomics cl_khr_int64_extended_atomics cl_khr_fp64


NULL platform behavior
  clGetPlatformInfo(NULL, CL_PLATFORM_NAME, ...)  No platform
  clGetDeviceIDs(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ALL, ...)   No platform
  clCreateContext(NULL, ...) [default]            No platform
  clCreateContext(NULL, ...) [other]              Success [AMD]
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_DEFAULT)  Success (1)
    Platform Name                                 AMD Accelerated Parallel Processing
    Device Name                                   gfx1012:xnack-
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_CPU)  No devices found in platform
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_GPU)  Success (1)
    Platform Name                                 AMD Accelerated Parallel Processing
    Device Name                                   gfx1012:xnack-
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ACCELERATOR)  No devices found in platform
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_CUSTOM)  No devices found in platform
  clCreateContextFromType(NULL, CL_DEVICE_TYPE_ALL)  Success (1)
    Platform Name                                 AMD Accelerated Parallel Processing
    Device Name                                   gfx1012:xnack-

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